For example, the Qinghai-Tibetan single-track railway is the most high-mountainous highway on the planet, and from it you can enjoy the Tibetan scenery of the “Roof of the World”. Just think, it stretches at an altitude of 5000 meters above sea level! No air or sea company can provide such romance. The carriages of this train are completely sealed since the air outside the window is discharged. At stops, the train does not even open the doors.
There is one more not less surprising railway, it passes through the real market. When traders were offered to move the market, they refused. It is a place called Maeklong, 60 kilometers from Bangkok, where the market is located right on the train tracks. Several times a day, the food trays are folded, the awnings are curled, and the vendors scatter right in front of the walking train. But trade, it should be noted, is still going on. From the windows of the train throwing coins, and back to the window – fruit and other products. The main thing in this case – the speed and skill!
And now let’s talk about how the railroad actually began.
Until a certain point, mankind was well treated by horses and water transport, but in the 60-80s of the 18th-century industrial growth began. Manual labor was increasingly replaced by machine production, trade relations developed between cities and whole countries. There was a need to find some kind of movement on land. And in the first half of the 19th century, the so-called rookies appeared, known since the middle of the 16th century. They consisted of wooden bars. They were laid on a stone, in mines, and in mines. Thanks to the bedside, the horses began to carry four times more cargo. But the tree quickly deteriorated and began to use cast iron or iron. Wagons often got off the track, and to prevent this, the rails began to have edges, and later gave the rails an elliptical shape.
Wooden railroad and wagon used in mines in the 16th century
The first such road was built in Russia in 1806-1809. It is notable for being the first railway in the world with embankments, a viaduct, excavations and even a bridge over the river. The length of this road was 2 kilometers, and the horse could carry a load 25 times larger than along a dirt road.
Rails began to be used with horse-gear everywhere.
They took very seriously the idea of railway communication in England, where already in 1803 the public horse earned it.
The first locomotive was also built by the Briton – Richard Trevithick. To test his steam locomotive in 1804, a simple railroad was built in London.
Paravoz Richard Trevitika
The train was nicknamed by eyewitnesses “Catch me, who can.”
Already in 1880, experiments began on the possibility of using electricity on the railway. Electric locomotives have gained popularity since the beginning of the 20th century. Around the same time, engineers thought about building locomotives. However, although diesel locomotives and electric locomotives have obvious advantages, the century of locomotives was long. In the USSR, they stopped producing only in 1956. Now the engine can be seen only in the museum or with some rare retro train. However, in some third world countries, steam locomotives are still in use.
A little more about locomotives. The railway began its journey when the aircraft and the car were not yet invented. Then, for example, the Old Believers considered locomotives “sons of the devil.” They argued that traveling by train would lead nowhere, except for concussion.
However, a vivid example of the importance of a steam locomotive was the competition between a steamboat and a steam locomotive called “who is faster?” As a result, the steamboat passed 339 miles in one and a half days, and the steam locomotive in just 16 hours.
But the confrontation of supporters and opponents of the locomotive continued. Opponents asked where to find the amount of fuel that was enough for the locomotive? They said that the railways would prevent the cows from grazing, the chickens would stop carrying eggs, the air poisoned by smoke would be detrimental to the birds, the houses near the road would be burned out, and in the event of a steam engine explosion, all the passengers would die.
The locomotive was afraid of everything new. For example, when opening the railway between St. Petersburg and Moscow, travel for the first three days was free, because everyone was afraid to ride it.
As long as the length of the railways was small, the question of creating amenities for passengers was not urgent. The carriages were open and publicly available. If desired, anyone could catch a moving train on a horse and jump into it. With the increase in transportation distance, comfort was required. So, on the railway between Chicago and Los Angeles in 1911, they launched a new comfortable train with high fares. There were special compartments for bathing, a hairdresser, a maid, and even a stenographer who could dictate his letters.
The speed of the first passenger trains in the 19th century was ridiculous by today’s standards – 33 km / h. Railway workers were ranked among the elite, as aviators in the early 20th century or cosmonauts during the first flights into space.
I want to finish with some interesting facts about the railway.
A curious incident occurred when a train collided with a steamboat in Ohio. The lake overflowed the shores, and the driver decided to drive straight through the water, through its meter thickness. However, the ship blocked his way. Thanks to the quiet run no one was hurt.
Once in 1897, a new railway was built in the state of Kansas. She had to go through the village, to which the inhabitants were immensely delighted, anticipating the active trade. But the authorities led the way 10 miles from the village. Then, on wooden wheels, the inhabitants transported houses, shops, and even school and church buildings to a new place with the help of horses for church singing.
The invention of the train and the emergence of railways was a real revolution in the history of mankind. And it is the trains, by the way, that we owe to technical progress. It is hard to imagine what our world would be like today if one day the railway was not invented in it.